• A link for a safety manual produced by the Syrian Civil Defensehttps://www.dropbox.com/sh/zob9zzn3dxro1da/AABYFwBxYnjZMDkqeuSrEmcva?dl=0

  • Heavy fighting is still going on around Morek in Hama as government forces try to encircle the town: http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=35.374214&lon=36.679573&z=12&m=b

  • At least 20 airstrikes hit northern Hama province.
    • 2 airstrikes hit Kafr Zita.
    • 3 children were killed by barrel bombs dropped on al-Lataminah.

  • 5 airstrikes hit Islamic State-held neighborhoods in Deir Ez Zorhttp://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=35.326330&lon=40.157862&z=13&m=b
    • The government is trying to encircle IS forces in the city. Last month, the government destroyed the suspension bridge that was the supply route for the IS into Deir Ez Zor, and for the last 2 days the government has been pushing into Saker Island, which is in the Eurphrates River, next to the city.
    • The IS has ordered people who live across from the island, on the outskirts of Deir Ez Zor, to evacuate their houses.

  • The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that over 650 people have died over the last month during the Islamic State’s offensive on Kobani. Although, due to the difficulty of documenting casualties in the fight, the figure is likely much higher. The SOHR said they believed it could be twice as high.
    • 20 of the dead are civilians, 17 of whom were executed by the IS as they approached Kobani. The other three were killed by shelling on the city.
    • 258 of the dead are fighters from the YPG and al-Asayesh.
    • 374 of the dead are IS fighters.
    • 9 of the dead are from other groups fighting against the IS in the city, such as Liwa Thwar ar-Raqqa.

  • Fighting between the YPG and Islamic State around Kobani in Aleppo province has continued: http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=36.885525&lon=38.356533&z=13&m=b
    • Coalition airstrikes continued to target the IS around the city. Around 40 have hit the area in the last 48 hours.
    • Fighting went on around the Hospital on the western outskirts of the city, which is held by the IS.
    • The YPG captured the street that runs along the western side of the Security Center. 
    • Fighting occured to the southwest of the IS-controlled al-Hal Market.
    • The YPG claimed that the IS is being pushed out of the city, and controls around 20%, compared to the 40% that they controlled earlier this week.
    • The IS shelled the town, and at least 16 shells reportedly hit around the border crossing.
    • Dead IS fighters and weapons captured from them: 

  • A report by the Middle East Review of International Affairs on suspected chemical weapon use by the Islamic State in fighting around Kobani. The report includes photographs of people suspected of exposure: http://www.gloria-center.org/2014/10/meria-special-report-did-isis-use-chemical-weapons-against-the-kurds-in-kobani-warning-graphic-content/

  • The Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates has refused Turkey’s proposal of a buffer zone and no-fly zone in northern Syria along the border with Turkey.
    • It said that it would consult with its allies if the buffer zone were established in order to protect its national sovereignty, and said it would violate international law.

  • Russia has denied that it has agreed to increase intelligence sharing with the US in the fight against the Islamic State, contradicting a statement made by John Kerry 2 days ago. They said they would only help the coalition after the legality of the coalition had been voted on at the UN Security Council.

  • Rebels shelling government positions around the Scientific Research Compound in Aleppo

  • 20 Islamic State fighters were killed by a YPG attack to the west of Ras al-Ayn in al-Hasakahhttp://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=36.841301&lon=40.061646&z=13&m=b
    The bodies of Islamic State fighters are brought into Ras al-Ayn by the YPG.

    The bodies of Islamic State fighters are brought into Ras al-Ayn by the YPG.

    The bodies of Islamic State fighters are brought into Ras al-Ayn by the YPG.

    The bodies of Islamic State fighters are brought into Ras al-Ayn by the YPG.

    IS fighters killed in the fighting.

    IS fighters killed in the fighting.

    IS fighters who were killed in the fighting.

    IS fighters who were killed in the fighting.

    IS fighters killed in the fighting.

    IS fighters killed in the fighting.

    Weapons and ammo captured from the IS.

    Weapons and ammo captured from the IS.

  • Fighting around the south of Maarat al-Nu’man in Idlib has continued between rebels and government forces: http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=35.627303&lon=36.665668&z=13&m=b
    • 2 days ago, rebels detonated a tunnel bomb at the al-Dahrooj checkpoint, near the al-Hamidiyah Army Base.
    • Airstrikes hit Deir al-Sharqi, southeast of Ma’arratah.
    • 4 children were killed by airstrikes on Hass, west of Maarat al-Nu’man.

  • Rebels are trying to capture Ma’ar Hattat, south of Maarat al-Nu’am in Idlib: http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=35.575451&lon=36.657000&z=14&m=b

  • A protest from Kafr Nabl in Idlib
    A sign from Kafr Nabl.

    A sign from Kafr Nabl.

  • Government forces captured Kafr Najd from rebels in Idlib: http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=35.825747&lon=36.581039&z=13&m=b

  • Jobar, in Eastern Ghouta, has seen heavy ground fighting again today, and was also hit by airstrikes and rockets.

  • 11 people were killed, including 2 children and 1 woman, by airstrikes on Jisreen in Eastern Ghoutahttp://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=33.504902&lon=36.382256&z=13&m=b

  • 3 airstrikes hit Irbeen in Eastern Ghouta amid fighting along its outskirts.

  • Rebels in Harasta in Eastern Ghouta:

  • 10 people, including 2 children and a woman, were killed and 45 people were injured by government shelling on the besieged al-Waer neighborhood of Homs yesterday: http://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=34.738439&lon=36.668415&z=14&m=b
    • The government is pushing ground attacks in 7 places around the neighborhood according to activists.
    • This appears to be an end to truce talks that have been going on.

  • Rebels in the al-Houla area of Homs

  • A view from al-Rawadi and of ammo captured by rebels from 2 days ago when they captured the town in Quneitrahttp://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=33.137479&lon=35.849590&z=14&m=b

  • Rebels on the road between Deir al-Adas and Ghabaghib in Daraahttp://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=33.172330&lon=36.182957&z=13&m=b
    • Deir al-Adas was shelled by government forces today.

  • 3 barrel bombs were dropped on Jasim in Daraahttp://wikimapia.org/#lang=en&lat=32.989084&lon=36.063995&z=13&m=b

  • 2 barrel bombs were dropped on al-Tebah in Daraa.

  • A barrel bomb dropped in Daraa

  • Nothing has been heard about the dozen or so people who held an anti-government protest in the government stronghold of Tartous in Latakia yesterday.
    • The people were arrested and taken to the local branch of the Military Intelligence.
    • The protesters have been reported to have been Alawites.
    • The city has been very pro-government, and this is the first dissenting protest held there in the war.
    • A large percentage of the soldiers who have died in the war come from Tartous. Anti-government anger has been rising since the fall of several bases in northern Syria to the Islamic State over the summer and the subsequent lying about the fate of many of the soldiers in those bases.
      A photo of the anti-government protest held in Tartous yesterday. 10-16-2014

  • Bus prices in government-held areas have been raised.
    • Trips less than 10 km now cost LS 20 ($.12), up from LS 15 ($.09). Trips over 10 km now cost LS 25 ($.15), up from LS 20.
    • This follows an increase in diesel and gas prices 2 weeks ago.
    • The government has been facing fuel and energy shortages. The Islamic State holds most of the country’s gas fields, and the budget for this year is half of what it was before protests started in 2011. 32 out of the 54 electric turbines have also been shut down since the start of the war.
    • Recently the government also made a deal with rebels to release prisoners and not arrest them in the future in order to secure the safety of a gas pipeline.

  • Daily Mail article about MANPADS received by rebels: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2792628/but-language-manual-syrian-rebels-eagerly-unpack-brand-new-surface-air-missiles-china.htmlFSA fighters assembling Chinese MANPADS. 10-16-2014FSA fighters assembling Chinese MANPADS. 10-16-2014 2

  • The US appears to have confirmed that it is not interested in helping the FSA, but will instead focus on training and arming a new group to focus on the Islamic State and not on Assad.

    A Syrian Civil Defense poster in Idlib.

    A Syrian Civil Defense poster in Idlib.

    Fighting in Eastern Ghouta.

    Fighting in Eastern Ghouta.


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